The Gladiolus flower is a genus of perennial bulbous flowering plants. The flower got its name from the latin word “gladius” translated as ‘sword’ with the reference of the gladiolus leaves’ shape. Sometimes they are also referred to as the sword lily. The Gladiolus flower signifies remembrance. It also expresses infatuation, telling the receiver that he or she pierces the heart. It also stands for strength of character, faithfulness, honor, sincerity and generosity. The impressive flower spikes of Gladioli come in a wide array of beautiful colors.
Gladioli produce tall spikes of large blossoms, in a rainbow of colors. They flower in heights from 80 to 150cm. Semihardy in temperate climates, Gladioli grow from corms (bulb-like structures) and produce tall spikes of large blossoms, in a rainbow of colors. Their stems are generally unbranched, producing 1 to 9 narrow, sword-shaped, longitudinal grooved leaves, enclosed in a sheath. The lowest leaf is shortened to a cataphyll. The leaf blades can be plane or cruciform in cross section.
The fragrant flower spikes are large and one-sided, with secund, bisexual flowers, each subtended by 2 leathery, green bracts. The sepals and the petals are almost identical in appearance, and are termed tepals. They are united at their base into a tube-shaped structure. The dorsal tepal is the largest, arching over the three stamens. The outer three tepals are narrower. The perianth is funnel-shaped, with the stamens attached to its base. The style has three filiform, spoon-shaped branches, each expanding towards the apex.
These flowers are variously colored, pink to reddish or light purple with white, contrasting markings, or white to cream or orange to red.
The gladiolus is a cut flower, especially valued for use in floral arrangements. The classic flower spikes of gladiolus adorn plenty of gardens. This pretty bloom makes one of the best bouquets. It is a also a very useful addition as background color to all garden borders and island plantings.
At Countryside, following types of gladioli are gown perennially.
- Amsterdam white
This is a striking, long stemmed flower filled with blooms from the bottom to the top, ideal for tall flower arrangements. This flower symbolizes generosity, sincerity and infatuation. Amsterdam White makes a dazzling wedding bouquet, table centerpiece or flower arrangement. This flower also makes a useful addition to background color to all garden borders and island plantings. The White Amsterdam flowers in heights from 80-150 cm.
- Rose Supreme
Rose Supreme is a Pink flower with a white creamy throat on tall strong stems. This is an excellent cut flower and a flashy bloomer with exceptional heat tolerance and disease resistance. Bold and brilliant this Plant grows from 100 cm to 120cm with a Planting Depth of 10 to 12cm of soil over the top of the bulb. Rose Supreme is native to south and west Europe and the Mediterranean region.
Priscilla is light pink flower with deeper pink ruffled edge and lemon throat on tall strong stems. The petal edges may also have an exquisite flush or corona of medium rose and an undertone of crystal white and cream deep in the throat. Priscilla has a broad distribution from southern Europe to parts of Asia.
- Grande Passion
Grande Passion is a dark purple gladiolus with white center stripe. It is an excellent cut flower that grows from 38-60 cm and blooms during summers. A bold and striking flower, Grande Passion enhances any floral arrangement and garden layout.
- Pink (Dark)
Pink is a bright and beautiful summer flower. Deep cerise pink in color, It grows up to 1-2m tall and 15cm wide. Due to its height, Pink is great for back of a border or bed, along a fence line or as a clump. Deep pink is native to south and west Europe and the Mediterranean region.
Red is a spring flower and flowers in clusters of 25-30. These are deep velvety deep-red flowers accented by brilliant golden yellow stamens all over the bush. This flower is native to South Africa.
Mauve is a summer flower with small flowers making up large clusters on a single stem (more 10 flowers on each stem). These flowers are popularly used in gardens and parks. The Mauve grows from 100 cm to 120 cm. Mauve Gladioli is native to central and Southern Europe.
Lilums or commonly ‘Lilies’ are one of the most popular flowers due to their graceful, colorful appearance. Some varieties are also highly fragrant. Lilium, the genus, is the Latin form of the Greek word 'Lerion' for the Madonna Lily. The Lily flower symbolizes purity and refined beauty. Based on the colour or type, the Lily flower can convey different meanings. For instance the white lily are symbolic of modesty and virginity; orange lilies convey passion; yellow lilies reflect gaiety and Lily of the Valley conveys sweetness and purity of heart.
True Lilies are composed of fleshy scales without a protective outer coating. Plants in the Liliales grow from Bulbs, or Corms, both of which will store food over the winter or during the dry season. Unlike other Liliales, these vines produce their flowers in spherical clusters called Umbels, as in Bomarea.
They range in varieties that produce from 1 or 2 right up to 10 long lasting blooms on solid stems varying in height from 30cm to 120cm.
Liliums consist of herbaceous leafy stemmed flowering plants growing from bulbs. Lilies comprise a genus of about 110 species in the lily family (Liliaceae) and are important as large flowering garden plants. The large flowers have six tepals, are often fragrant, and come in a range of colours ranging through whites, yellows, oranges, pinks, reds and purples. Markings include spots, brush strokes and picotees.
There are numerous Lily varieties. But, among these, only groups like the Asiatics and Orientals are the most popular flowers and widely grown.
- The Oriental Lily
tall green stems with large glossy leaves with two or three large flower per stem. Flower petals reflex back upon opening revealing an interior often spotted brown or black. Orientals can be found in white, pale pink, red or yellow and are renowned for their heavy fragrance, large flower size and long vase life.
- Asiatic Lily
Generally shorter stems with several brightly coloured flowers per stem. Colours include yellow, orange, dark red and white and the inside of the petals are commonly spotted in black or brown. Asiatics are not strongly perfumed.
Lilies of different kinds are commonly found all across the globe. Many species are widely grown in the garden in temperate and sub-tropical regions. Sometimes they may also be grown as potted plants. A large number of ornamental hybrids have also been developed.
Lilies are excellent plants for beds and borders. Lilies are suitable for use in a shrub border, as accent plants, a formal or naturalized pool planting. Even some of the small species would fit perfectly in an alpine rock garden.
Due to its regal beauty and the variety in color and type that can symbolize a variety of meanings, Lilies are also popular flowers for gifting purposes. Besides bouquets, lily bulbs as well as potted lily plants are also popular gifts. The lilies are also used for extracting lily oil which has skin healing and softening properties.
Gerberas are the most popular florist flowers next only to Carnations and Roses. The meanings of gerbera flowers stem from those attributed to the general daisy family. These meanings include innocence and purity, and daisies are also a classic symbol of beauty. However, the gerbera variety holds an added meaning of cheerfulness, which stems from the assortment of colors available.
Gerbera is a genus of the family of sunflowers, Daisies and Asters - Asteraceae, with a wide distribution from Africa to Madagascar, tropical Asia and South America. Through hybridization, Gerberas are available in a massive array of colors.
Gerberas are perennial flowering plants featuring a large capitulum with striking, 2-lipped ray florets. The flowers often measure up to 7 inches across. The capitulum on the Gerberas has the appearance of a single flower, but is actually composed of hundreds of individual flowers. The morphology of the flowers varies depending on their position in the capitulum of the Gerberas.
They vary greatly in shape and size. Colors include white, yellow, orange, red, and pink. The center of the flower is sometimes black. Often the same flower can have petals of several different colors.
Gerberas are very popular and attractive blossoms that are widely used as mass flowers in designs and arrangements. They are also popular as garden plants and as vase, rockery and as specimen plants. They can also be used as bedding plants for borders and flower beds.
The name Lisianthus comes from the Greek words ‘lysis’, meaning dissolution and ‘anthos’, meaning flower. They Lisianthus exists in double- and single flower varieties. The single forms Lisianthus resemble full blown Tulips or Poppies and double forms of Lisianthus resemble Roses or Peonies.
Lisianthus bears bluish- green, lightly succulent leaves and big funnel shaped flowers borne on tall straight stems. Lisianthus plants are herbaceous annuals, growing to 15 - 60 cms in height with four wide ruffled, delicate petals and oval leaves. Lisianthus are mostly found growing in grasslands and areas of disturbed ground.
They are found in various colors include white, various shades of pink, lavender, deep purple, and bicolors such as blue-violet.
Lisianthus is popular in horticulture, as an ornamental, a potted indoor plant, and as a cut flower.
Chrysanthemum comes from Greek 'Chrys' meaning golden (the color of the original flowers), and 'anthemon', meaning flower. Chrysanthemums, often called mums, are a genus of about 30 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, one of the largest family of flowering plants.
The Chrysanthemum flower symbolizes fidelity, optimism, joy and long life. Different colors symbolize different meanings. A red chrysanthemum conveys love; white chrysanthemum symbolizes truth and loyal love and a yellow chrysanthemum signifies slighted love.
Chrysanthemums are classified into two basic groups, Garden Hardy and Exhibition. Garden hardy mums are perennial whereas Exhibition mums grow in cool environments.
Chrysanthemum flowers bloom in various forms, and can be daisy-like, decorative, pompons or buttons. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes and in a wide range of colors. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red.
Each Chrysanthemum flower head is actually a cluster of many flowers, composed of a central group of short disk flowers surrounded by rings of longer ray flowers.
Chrysanthemums are classified into nine categories according to the type and arrangement of disk and ray flowers - Incurved, Reflexed, Intermediate, Late Flowering Anemones, Singles, Pompons, Sprays, Spiders/Spoons/Quills, Charms and Cascades. For example, the 'reflexed' Chrysanthemum consists of ray flowers that curve downward into an umbrella shape; the 'quill' has tubular ray flowers that radiate from the center of the head.
Chrysanthemums have a wealth of meaning associated with them and therefore they are very popular as florist flowers. They are well suited for container gardening in patios. The Chrysanthemum flavored tea is very popular and is used as a relaxant.
Marigolds are hardy, annual plants and are great plants for use in any garden. They come in different colors, yellow and orange being the most common. Most of the marigolds have strong, pungent odor and have has great value in cosmetic treatment. There are many varieties of Marigolds available with varying shape, size and color. These include the African or American Marigold, French Marigolds, Signet Marigolds and Mule Marigolds.
Marigolds are use as an ornamental plant to brighten any garden or floral arrangement. In South Asia bright yellow and orange Marigold flowers are used in garlands and to decorate religious statues and buildings. They are also used as offerings and decoration at funerals, weddings and other ceremonies.
Marigolds have also been known to be used for medicinal purposes. Varieties of Marigold have been used as a herb to treat certain skin conditions and diseases. Pigments in Marigolds are sometimes extracted and used as a food coloring for humans and livestock.